Archive for August, 2009

Jynx 0.3 – how to fix custom class loaders for use with Jython

Posted in Jynx, Jython on August 12th, 2009 by kay – Be the first to comment

Broken class loaders

Jynx 0.2 contained an ugly workaround for a bug I couldn’t fix for quite a while. The bug can be described as follows: suppose you defined code of a Java class A and compiled it dynamically:

A = JavaCompiler().createClass("A", A_source)

When you attempt to build a subclass

class B(A): pass
a NoClassDefFoundError exception was raised:

Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "C:\lang\Jython\", line 185, in <module>
    class B(A):pass
    at java.lang.ClassLoader.defineClass1(Native Method)
    at java.lang.ClassLoader.defineClass(
    at java.lang.ClassLoader.defineClass(
    at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
    at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(
    at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(
    at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(
java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: org/python/core/PyProxy (wrong name: A)

In that case the Jython runtime failed to create a proxy class for B while locating PyProxy which is a Jython core interface. From the traceback it wasn’t clear how to locate the error and I started to debug into Jython from Netbeans.

This is what happened: Jynx defines a ByteClassLoader class which is custom class loader for dynamic compilation of A. When A is loaded with loadClass a findClass method is called to locate A and this method had to be overwritten. The ByteClassLoader was bound to A automatically and used by Jython to locate interfaces such as org.python.core.PyProxy. This didn’t work and explains the failure. A possible fix is to respond to classes which cannot be dealt with from ByteClassLoader and delegate a findClass call to the parent class loader.

Curiously Jython stopped using ByteClassLoader after I changed the inheritance hierarchy from

class ByteClassLoader(ClassLoader):
    def __init__(self, code):
        super(ByteClassLoader, self).__init__(ClassLoader.getClassLoader())


class ByteClassLoader(URLClassLoader):
    def __init__(self, code):
        super(ByteClassLoader, self).__init__([], ClassLoader.getSystemClassLoader())

The URLClassLoader provides the opportunity to add URLs at runtime and therefore modifying the CLASSPATH dynamically.

No disk dumps in Jynx 0.3

Prior to Jynx 0.3 a workaround has been dumping A to disk and load the class from there. We discussed the subtle nuances of selecting the right class loader and loading A from disk moved the machinery into a correct state. This wasn’t only cumbersome but a hurdle when a programmer intended to work within a Java sandbox. With Jynx 0.3 I feel prepared to explore Java integration with Jynx on GAE-J.